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Survivor: Africa

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Survivor: Africa
Africa NB
Season 3
Filming Location Shaba National Reserve, Kenya, Africa
Season Run October 11, 2001 – January 10, 2002
Filming Dates July 11, 2001 – August 18, 2001
Survivors 16
Winner Ethan Zohn
Runner(s)-up Kim Johnson
Tribes Boran
Moto Maji
Opening Sequence
Series Chronology
Previous Season The Australian Outback
Next Season Marquesas

Survivor: Africa is the third season of the reality program Survivor.


The season was filmed in Kenya, where the contestants had to put up with extreme heat conditions, dangerous wildlife and insects. Because there were man-killing animals in the area, the tribes lived in thorny enclosures like local tribal Kenyans do.

The series later returned to Africa for its seventeenth season, which was filmed in Gabon, but the title Survivor: Africa refers only to the third season.

Because of the September 11, 2001 attacks, this season's premiere was delayed. As a result, this season's finale wasn't held before the end of the year.


  • Tribe Switch: For the first time in the history of the series, tribe members switched tribes during the tribal phase.
  • 39-Day Format: The season was filmed under the standard 39 days, unlike the previous season, which was three days longer.


Contestant Original Tribe Switched Tribe Merged Tribe Finish Votes Against
S3 diane bw Diane Ogden
42, Lincoln, NE
Boran 1st Voted Out
Day 3
S3 jessie bw Jessie Camacho
27, Orlando, FL
Boran 2nd Voted Out
Day 6
S3 carl bw Carl Bilancione
46, Winter Springs, FL
Template:Tribeboxdark 3rd Voted Out
Day 9
S3 linda bw Linda Spencer
44, Cambridge, MA
Template:Tribeboxdark 4th Voted Out
Day 12
S3 silas bw Silas Gaither
23, Germantown, TN
Template:Tribeboxdark Boran 5th Voted Out
Day 15
S3 lindsey bw Lindsey Richter
26, Portland, OR
Template:Tribeboxdark Template:Tribeboxdark 6th Voted Out
Day 18
S3 clarence bw Clarence Black
24, Detroit, MI
Boran Boran rowspan="10" Template:Tribeboxdark 7th Voted Out
Day 21
S3 kelly bw Kelly Goldsmith
22, Rancho Santa Fe, CA
Boran Template:Tribeboxdark 8th Voted Out
1st Jury Member
Day 24
S3 brandon bw Brandon Quinton
25, Dallas, TX
Template:Tribeboxdark Template:Tribeboxdark 9th Voted Out
2nd Jury Member
Day 27
S3 frank bw Frank Garrison
43, Odessa, NY
Template:Tribeboxdark Boran 10th Voted Out
3rd Jury Member
Day 30
S3 kimp bw Kim Powers
29, Conshohocken, PA
Template:Tribeboxdark Template:Tribeboxdark 11th Voted Out
4th Jury Member
Day 33
S3 teresa bw Teresa Cooper
42, Jackson, GA
Template:Tribeboxdark Boran 12th Voted Out
5th Jury Member
Day 36
S3 tom bw Tom Buchanan
45, Rich Valley, VA
Boran Template:Tribeboxdark 13th Voted Out
6th Jury Member
Day 37
S3 lex bw Lex van den Berghe
38, Santa Cruz, CA
Boran Template:Tribeboxdark 14th Voted Out
7th Jury Member
Day 38
S3 kimj bw Kim Johnson
56, Oyster Bay, NY
Boran Boran Runner-Up 1
S3 ethan t Ethan Zohn
27, Lexington, MA
Boran Boran Sole Survivor 0


  • The Votes Against is the number of votes a castaway has received during Tribal Councils where the castaway is eligible to be voted out of the game. It does not include the votes received during the final Tribal Council. This tally includes votes that are cast during a re-vote because of a tie.
  • Lindsey and Carl competed in a nature quiz tiebreaker, which Carl lost.
  • Lindsey was eliminated because she had four previous votes against her.

Season Summary

16 new castaways were marooned on the outskirts of the Shaba National Reserve, Kenya, Africa. The group was divided into two tribes named after two real-life Kenyan tribes, Samburu and Boran. During the first six days, Samburu dominated in challenges, while the depleted Boran lost two members. Despite their early winning streak, Samburu was divided into two existing voting alliances defined by age: the younger members (Silas, Kim P., Brandon, and Lindsey) and the older members (Frank, Teresa, Carl, and Linda). After losing the third Immunity Challenge, Samburu's age-defined voting blocs resulted in a 4-4 deadlock tie vote between Carl and Lindsey. Since it was the tribe's first Tribal Council, and there were no previous votes to count in order to break the tie, a nature quiz tiebreaker commenced. In the end, Lindsey edged out Carl, sending him home, and giving power to the younger Samburu alliance. Because of Samburu's lack of unity, momentum changed, as Boran won another Immunity Challenge. Linda was eliminated by the younger Samburus, thus evening up the tribes with six members each.

When it seemed that the younger members of the Samburu tribe became unstoppable, a new unexpected twist shook things up. On Day 13, both tribes were given the vaguest Tree Mail yet, asking them to send half of their tribe "to a quest". Boran chose Kelly, Tom and Lex, while Silas (the leader of the younger Samburu alliance) sent himself, along with the older Frank and Teresa (the only two remaining members of the older alliance) to represent Samburu. Everything turned on its head when Jeff announced that they will be switching tribes. This gave Frank and Teresa a chance to get rid of Silas, and when the new Boran lost the immunity challenge the older ex-Samburu members had their revenge. The new Samburu tribe lost the final pre-merge immunity challenge, and sent Silas' ally Lindsey home.

On Day 19, the two tribes merged to form the Moto Maji tribe. The former Samburu members, Teresa, Frank, Kim P. and Brandon, entered into the merge in a precarious position being down 4 members to Boran's 6. However, Teresa hatched a plan to turn the former Boran members against each other. First, the entire tribe agreed to vote off Clarence, fearing his physical prowess at challenges. However, unknown to anyone else, Teresa voted with Clarence against Lex. Angered by this mystery vote, Lex swore to track down whoever had cast that vote against him and promptly vote them off. He mistakenly suspected Kelly of treachery and swayed his alliance of Tom, Ethan and Kim J. to vote against her. In order to save herself, Kelly sided with the former Samburu members and voted against Lex, but Lex managed to convince Brandon to also vote against Kelly, thus eliminating her. Brandon's actions made both his old and new allies, minus Lex, lose trust in him, and the six other people banded together to vote him out. However, this put the former Samburu members in jeopardy, as they were subsequently picked off one-by-one by the original Borans. Teresa, the last original Samburu left, tried to shake things up, even telling Lex that she was the caster of the mystery vote against him, but her efforts were in vain.

Kim J. (the oldest contestant of the season) shocked everyone by winning the final two immunity challenges, causing the men to have to turn on each other. Tom, who had been conspiring to have others vote off Lex earlier, was voted off unanimously. At the final three Tribal Council, Kim J. voted off Lex and brought Ethan with her to the Final.

At the Final Tribal Council, Kim J. was met with mixed criticism from the Jury. She was praised by the jury for lasting all 39 days, in spite of her age. However, she was perceived as riding the coattails of Ethan, Lex and Tom for the entirety of the game. The Jury voted 5-2 for Ethan to win due to his more active strategy and congenial personality and he was named the third Sole Survivor.

Episode Guide

Episode Air Date Challenges Eliminated Vote Finish Viewers
(in millions)[1]
Reward Immunity
1 Question of Trust October 11, 2001 Samburu1 Diane 6-2 1st Voted Out
Day 3
23.84 10.4/23
2 Who's Zooming Whom? October 18, 2001 Samburu Samburu Jessie 5-2 2nd Voted Out
Day 6
19.59 7.9/20
3 The Gods Are Angry October 25, 2001 Boran Boran Carl 4-4;
3rd Voted Out
Day 9
20.43 8.0/20
4 The Young and Untrusted November 1, 2001 Samburu Boran Linda 4-3 4th Voted Out
Day 12
18.73 7.8/18
5 The Twist November 8, 2001 Boran Samburu Silas 5-1 5th Voted Out
Day 15
20.55 8.3/20
6 I'd Never Do It to You November 15, 2001 Samburu Boran Lindsey 3-3;
6th Voted Out
Day 18
19.71 8.1/21
7 Will There Be a Feast Tonight? November 22, 2001 None Teresa Clarence 8-2 7th Voted Out
Day 21
17.70 6.6/18
8 The First 21 Days November 29, 2001 Recap Episode N/A N/A
9 Smoking Out the Snake December 6, 2001 Ethan
Ethan Kelly 5-4 8th Voted Out
1st Jury Member
Day 24
19.28 7.9/21
10 Dinner, Movie and a Betrayal December 13, 2001 Brandon,
Lex Brandon 6-2 9th Voted Out
2nd Jury Member
Day 27
20.41 8.1/21
11 We Are Family December 20, 2001 Survivor
Lex Frank 6-1 10th Voted Out
3rd Jury Member
Day 30
19.60 7.7/22
12 The Big Adventure December 27, 2001 Lex
Tom Kim P. 4-2 11th Voted Out
4th Jury Member
Day 33
18.92 7.5/20
13 Truth Be Told January 3, 2002 Lex Lex Teresa 4-1 12th Voted Out
5th Jury Member
Day 36
21.31 8.7/20
14 The Final Four: No Regrets January 10, 2002 None Kim J. Tom 3-1 13th Voted Out
6th Jury Member
Day 37
27.26 11.3/25
Kim J. Lex 1-0 14th Voted Out
7th Jury Member
Day 38
Reunion Show Jury Vote Kim J. 5-2 Runner-Up 30.94 13.1/30
Ethan Sole Survivor


^1 Combined Reward and Immunity Challenge
^2 With a deadlock tie between Carl and Lindsey and no previous votes to take into account, a quiz trivia was held, eliminating Carl.
^3 With a deadlock tie between Lindsey and Tom, Lindsey's past votes were taken into account, eliminating her.

Voting History

Survivor: Africa Voting History
Original Tribes Switched Tribes Merged Tribe
Episode #: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14
Voted out: S3 diane t
S3 jessie t
Tie Deadlock S3 carl t
S3 linda t
S3 silas t
Tie Deadlock S3 lindsey t
S3 clarence t
S3 kelly t
S3 brandon t
S3 frank t
S3 kimp t
Kim P.
S3 teresa t
S3 tom t
S3 lex t
S3 kimj t
Kim J.
S3 ethan t
Vote: 6-2 5-2 4-41 3-32 Tiebreaker3 4-3 5-1 3-31 2-24 Past votes5 8-2 5-4 6-2 6-1 4-2 4-1 3-1 1-06 5-2
Ethan Diane Jessie Silas Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom None Jury Vote
Kim J. Diane Jessie Silas Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom Lex
Lex Diane Jessie Lindsey Lindsey Clarence Kelly Frank Frank Kim P. Teresa Tom None Ethan
Tom Clarence Clarence Lindsey None Clarence Kelly Brandon Frank Kim P. Teresa Lex Ethan
Teresa Lindsey Lindsey Silas Silas Lex Lex Brandon Frank Lex Tom Ethan
Kim P. Carl Carl Linda Tom Tom Clarence Lex Brandon Frank Lex Kim J.
Frank Lindsey Lindsey Silas Silas Clarence Lex Brandon Kim J. Ethan
Brandon Carl Carl Linda Tom Tom Clarence Kelly Frank Kim J.
Kelly Diane Jessie Lindsey Lindsey Clarence Lex Ethan
Clarence Diane Jessie Silas Lex
Lindsey Carl None Linda Tom None Voted out
Silas Carl Carl Linda Frank
Linda Lindsey Lindsey Silas
Carl Lindsey None Voted out
Jessie Diane Clarence
Diane Clarence A6a6a6 A6a6a6 A6a6a6 A6a6a6


^1 Tribal Council resulted in a tie. Per the rules, a second vote was held where the castaways involved in the tie would not vote and the remaining castaways could only vote for those involved in the tie.
^2 A deadlock tie occurred, but because it was the tribe's first Tribal Council, no previous votes may taken into account. With this, a nature quiz challenge was held between the tied players to determine the elimination.
^3 Carl lost the tiebreaker to Lindsey, eliminating him from the game.
^4 Per the rules at the time, in case of a deadlock tie, past votes were taken into account. The player with more past votes got eliminated.
^5 Lindsey had more past votes than Tom, eliminating her from the game.
^6 Ethan and Lex did not vote as they could only vote for were each other. By virtue of winning the final Immunity Challenge, only Kim J. voted.


  • This is the first season to feature multiple castaways with the same first name. There were two contestants named Kim: Kim Johnson and Kim Powers.
  • This is the first season in which the first two eliminated contestants are of the same sex.
  • This is the first season in which the winner was not decided by one vote.
  • This was the first season to have a game-changing "twist". In Episode 5, both tribes received treemail from Jeff Probst to select 3 members to attend a meeting with him at the original drop-off point. The Boran tribe sent Tom Buchanan, Lex van den Berghe and Kelly Goldsmith, while the Samburu tribe sent Silas Gaither, Teresa Cooper and Frank Garrison. When they all met, Jeff had each of them hand over their tribal buffs and gave each one a buff of their rival tribe, sending the three Borans to Samburu and vice versa.
  • During the finale, after Jeff collected the final votes, the producers made it appear as if he returned to the original tribal council site to read them. After he read them and announced Ethan Zohn was the winner, it was revealed that the votes were actually read live on the CBS soundstage made to look like the site. This would be repeated two seasons later in Thailand.
  • This is the first (and currently only season) that has the Trivia Quiz Tiebreaker in case of a deadlock vote, and if the castaways that received tied votes never had any votes against them before.
  • This is the only season to have its premiere in one year (2001) and its finale the next year (2002).


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