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Split Vote

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Split Vote
Split caramoan Stealth R Us splits a vote between Eddie and Reynold in Survivor: Caramoan.
Survivor Gameplay
Description: An alliance voting strategy to counter the Hidden Immunity Idol.
Appearances: All seasons since Fiji
(except for China and Samoa)

A Split Vote is a strategy employed in Survivor by alliances at Tribal Council, in an attempt to avoid one of their own being voted out by the use of a Hidden Immunity Idol. The strategy involves the alliance(s) casting an equal or near-equal number of votes on two different members of an opposing alliance or individual targets, theoretically ensuring that one of them is voted out regardless of whom the idol is played on. In order for the split vote to work, the alliance must control two-thirds of the votes at Tribal Council.

The split vote was originally devised by Cao Boi Bui in the Survivor: Cook Islands episode “Plan Voodoo”, but the Aitutaki tribe opted to vote Cao Boi out rather than attempt a risky move that could have eliminated a strong physical competitor. The strategy was not used until the following season, Survivor: Fiji, where the Ravu tribe split a vote between Sylvia Kwan and Anthony Robinson, to eliminate Sylvia.

Split Vote Strategy

Any alliance with the numbers to do so can hypothetically split votes successfully; however, the strategy is not used unless there is a reason to suspect one of the targets has an idol.

The split vote is a risky strategy because it makes it easier for a supposed alliance member to renege from the alliance and vote out a loyal member. If there are an unequal number of people voting for each side of the split, care must be taken to lessen the impact of a single "flip" against the alliance.

Countering the Split Vote

The primary target of a split vote may still be able to survive the Tribal Council, resulting in the secondary target being voted out:

  • Uses a Hidden Immunity Idol, negating all votes against them (first attempted in “It's a Turtle?!”, first succeeded in “Not the Only Actor on This Island”)
  • Votes against the secondary target – this can only succeed if the splitting alliance has an equal number of people voting for each target (first attempted in “Blackmail or Betrayal”, successfully)
  • In seasons where the Extra Vote advantage is in play, it can be used to counter an attempted split vote. To date, no holder of this advantage has used it for this purpose.

List of Split Vote Attempts

Successful Split Votes

This list compiles successful split votes.

For a split vote to qualify as successful, one of the two targets must be voted out (after a revote if necessary) regardless of which target plays the idol. If the targeted alliance has two idols, a split vote can be unsuccessful even with this guideline. It is not required that every member of the splitting alliance be aware of the primary target.

Season Episode Splitting Alliance Primary
Target
Secondary
Target
Result
Fiji 3 Ravu S14 sylvia t
Sylvia Kwan
S14 anthony t
Anthony Robinson
Neither person had an idol.
Sylvia was voted out 4-3-1.1
11 Syndicate Alliance S14 alex t
Alex Angarita
S14 mookie t
Mookie Lee
Neither person had an idol.
Mookie was voted out 4-3-1.
Micronesia 11 Black Widow Brigade S16 jason t
Jason Siska
S16 james t
James Clement
Jason did not play his idol.
Jason was voted out 4-3-1.
Gabon 7 Onion Alliance S17 dan t
Dan Kay
S17 susie t
Susie Smith
Neither person had an idol.
Dan was voted out 4-3.
12 Fang Alliance S17 corinne t
Corinne Kaplan
S17 matty t
Matty Whitmore
Neither person had an idol.
Corinne was voted out 4-3.2
Tocantins 9 Timbira Alliance S18 brendan t
Brendan Synnott
S18 sierra t
Sierra Reed
Brendan did not play his idol.
Brendan was voted out 4-3-2.
Heroes vs. Villains 12 Russell's Villains Alliance S20 rupert t
Rupert Boneham
S20 candice t
Candice Woodcock
Neither person had an idol.
Candice was voted out 5-3.
Nicaragua 6 La Flor Alliance S21 marty t
Marty Piombo
S21 kellyb t
Kelly Bruno
Marty did not play his idol.
The vote tied 3-3-2.
Kelly B. was voted out 5-1 in the revote.
7 La Flor Alliance S21 jill t
Jill Behm
S21 marty t
Marty Piombo
Neither person had an idol.
Jill was voted out 3-2-2.
Redemption Island 1 Stealth R Us S22 kristina t
Kristina Kell
S22 francesca t
Francesca Hogi
Kristina did not play her idol.
Francesca was voted out 4-3-2.
2 Stealth R Us S22 matthew t
Matthew Elrod
S22 kristina t
Kristina Kell
Kristina played her idol.
Matthew was voted out 4-2-0.3
3 Zapatera Six S22 russell t
Russell Hantz
S22 stephanie t
Stephanie Valencia
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 3-3-3.
Russell was voted out 5-1-0 in the revote.
4 Stealth R Us S22 kristina t
Kristina Kell
S22 phillip t
Phillip Sheppard
Neither person had an idol.
Kristina was voted out 4-3.
South Pacific 2 The Family S23 christine t
Christine Shields Markoski
S23 stacey t
Stacey Powell
Neither person had an idol.
Christine was voted out 4-3-1-1.
One World 9 Salani Alliance S24 jay t
Jay Byars
S24 troyzan t
Troyzan Robertson
Troyzan played his idol.
Jay was voted out 5-2-1-0.
10 Salani Alliance S24 leif t
Leif Manson
S24 tarzan t
Tarzan Smith
Neither person had an idol.
Leif was voted out 4-3-2.
11 Salani Alliance S24 troyzan t
Troyzan Robertson
S24 christina t
Christina Cha
Neither person had an idol.
Troyzan was voted out 4-3-1.
Philippines 7 Kalabaw Alliance S25 jonathan t
Jonathan Penner
S25 rc t
RC Saint-Amour
Jonathan played his idol.
RC was voted out 4-2-0.
Matsing Alliance
Tandang Alliance
10 Fulcrum Alliance S25 abimaria t
Abi-Maria Gomes
S25 pete t
Pete Yurkowski
Abi-Maria played her idol.
Pete was voted out 3-2-0.
Kalabaw Alliance
Matsing Alliance
Caramoan 3 Gota Alliance S26 hope t
Hope Driskill
S26 eddie t
Eddie Fox
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 3-3-3.
Hope was voted out 5-1-0 in the revote.
7 Stealth R Us S26 julia t
Julia Landauer
S26 michael t
Michael Snow
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 3-3.
Julia was voted out 4-0 in the revote.
11 Stealth R Us S26 malcolm t
Malcolm Freberg
S26 reynold t
Reynold Toepfer
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 3-3-3.
Malcolm was voted out 6-0-0 in the revote.
12 Stealth R Us S26 reynold t
Reynold Toepfer
S26 eddie t
Eddie Fox
Neither person had an idol.
Reynold was voted out 4-2-1-1.
Stealth R Us S26 andrea t
Andrea Boehlke
S26 eddie t
Eddie Fox
Andrea did not play her idol.
Andrea was voted out 3-2-2.
Blood vs. Water 9 Singles Alliance S27 vytas t
Vytas Baskauskas
S27 katie t
Katie Collins
Neither person had an idol.
Vytas was voted out 8-1-1.4
Cagayan 3 Solana S28 brice c
Brice Johnston
S28 morgan c
Morgan McLeod
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 2-2-2.
Brice was voted out 3-0-0 in the revote.
San Juan del Sur 2 Coyopa Guys Alliance S29 val t
Val Collins
S29 baylor t
Baylor Wilson
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 4-4.
Val was voted out 5-1 in the revote.5
5 Coyopa Pairs Alliance S29 kelley t
Kelley Wentworth
S29 dale t
Dale Wentworth
Neither person had an idol.
Kelley was voted out 3-2-2.
6 Coyopa Pairs Alliance S29 dale t
Dale Wentworth
S29 keith t
Keith Nale
Keith did not play his idol.
Dale was voted out 3-2-1.6
10 Fab Five S29 keith t
Keith Nale
S29 wes t
Wes Nale
Keith played his idol.
Wes was voted out 2-0-0.7
12 Fab Five S29 keith t
Keith Nale
S29 alec t
Alec Christy
Neither person had an idol.
Alec was voted out 4-3.8
13 Fab Five S29 jon t
Jon Misch
S29 jaclyn t
Jaclyn Schultz
Jon did not play his idol.
The vote tied 2-2-2.
Jon was voted out 2-1-0 in the revote.
Worlds Apart 3 Nagarote Alliance S30 nina t
Nina Poersch
S30 will t
Will Sims II
Neither person had an idol.
Nina was voted out 3-2.
4 Escameca Alliance S30 lindsey t
Lindsey Cascaddan
S30 sierra t
Sierra Thomas
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 2-2-2.
Lindsey was voted out 3-0-0 in the revote.
9 Escameca Alliance S30 joe t
Joe Anglim
S30 jenn t
Jenn Brown
Neither person had an idol.
Joe was voted out 5-4-1.
10 Escameca Alliance S30 jenn t
Jenn Brown
S30 shirin t
Shirin Oskooi
Neither person had an idol.
Jenn was voted out 5-3-1.
12 Escameca Alliance S30 mike t
Mike Holloway
S30 tyler t
Tyler Fredrickson
Mike played his idol.
Tyler was voted out 3-0.
Cambodia 2 Ta Keo S31 shirin t
Shirin Oskooi
S31 spencer t
Spencer Bledsoe
Neither person had an idol.
Shirin was voted out 5-4.
7 Bayon Alliance S31 kass t
Kass McQuillen
S31 ciera t
Ciera Eastin
Neither person had an idol.
Kass was voted out 6-4-2-1.
Kaôh Rōng 1 To Tang S32 darnell t
Darnell Hamilton
S32 alecia t
Alecia Holden
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 3-3.
Darnell was voted out 4-0 in the revote.
3 Chan Loh S32 liz t
Liz Markham
S32 peter t
Peter Baggenstos
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 2-2-2.
Liz was voted out 3-0-0 in the revote.
10 Dara Women's Alliance S32 scot t
Scot Pollard
S32 tai t
Tai Trang
Scot and Tai did not play their idols.
Scot was voted out 4-2-2.9
Millennials vs. Gen X 1 Takali S33 rachel t
Rachel Ako
S33 cece t
CeCe Taylor
Neither person had an idol.
Rachel was voted out 5-3-1-1.

^1 In order to avoid a potential tie, Rita Verreos voted against Earl Cole instead of one of the two intended targets.
^2 The original intent was for the entire alliance to vote for Corinne, as she was the only vulnerable member of the minority Onion Alliance. However, Crystal Cox and Ken Hoang split their votes between Corinne and Matty to ensure that Matty would be voted out instead of another member of the majority if Corinne played an idol.
^3 The primary intent of this vote was to send Matthew to Redemption Island, not to counter Kristina's idol. Andrea Boehlke and Phillip Sheppard, the two alliance members who voted for Kristina, were not told Matthew was the primary target.
^4 The original intent was for the entire alliance to split the vote between Vytas and Katie 4-3. However, Monica Culpepper and Laura Morett, members of the alliance who were both assigned to vote against Katie, voted against Vytas instead, making the split 6-1.
^5 The original intent was for the entire alliance to split the vote between Val and Baylor 3-3, with Josh Canfield meant to vote against Baylor. However, Josh switched his vote to Val, making the split 4-2 and ensuring Val could not save herself by voting against Baylor.
^6 The main target was Dale (who had a fake idol) due to him being the outsider of the alliance. However, they chose affiliate Keith as the secondary target, and he did have an idol.
^7 The original intent was for the alliance to split the vote between Keith and Wes 4-3. Alec Christy and Reed Kelly voted against Jon Misch instead (making it 4 votes against Jon) but Jon used his own idol, keeping the split vote successful. Jon received 4 votes that did not count, while Keith received 3 votes that did not count.
^8 The primary target was Keith, with the alliance planning to split the vote between him and Alec 3-2; however, Natalie Anderson switched her vote to Alec. Combined with Keith's own vote for Alec, this resulted in Alec's elimination.
^9 Tai reneged from the Gondol Alliance in order to execute the plan. Also, the primary intent of this vote was to eliminate Scot, not to counter the idols held by Scot and Tai. Julia Sokolowski and Michele Fitzgerald, the two alliance members who voted for Tai, were not told Scot was the primary target. Tai himself was possibly unaware he was the secondary target.

Failed Split Votes

This list includes Tribal Councils where the split voting alliance(s) actually attempted the split, but failed due to some members of the alliance reneging, if all members of the opposing alliance are immune (therefore losing one of their own or someone not from the target alliance) and/or splits that didn't ensure that one of the targets would be eliminated if an idol was used on one of them. This does not include proposed splits the tribe as a whole did not intend to follow through with.

Season Episode Splitting Alliance Primary Target Secondary Target Eliminated Result
Micronesia 2 Airai S16 chet t
Chet
S16 tracy t
Tracy
S16 mary t
Mary
Alexis Jones, Erik Reichenbach, and Natalie Bolton reneged on the alliance (all voted against Mary).
Neither person had an idol.
Mary was voted out 6-2-2.
Heroes vs. Villains 4 Heroes Alliance S20 tom t
Tom
S20 colby t
Colby
S20 cirie t
Cirie
J.T. Thomas reneged on the plan (voted against Cirie).
Tom played his idol.
Cirie was voted out 3-2-0.
6 Rob's Villains Alliance S20 russell t
Russell
S20 parvati t
Parvati
S20 tyson t
Tyson
Tyson reneged on the plan (voted against Parvati).
Russell played his idol on Parvati.
Tyson was voted out 3-2-0.9
Caramoan 10 Stealth R Us S26 eddie t
Eddie
S26 malcolm t
Malcolm
S26 phillip t
Phillip
Erik Reichenbach reneged on the plan (voted against Phillip).
Malcolm played both his idols, on himself and Eddie.
Phillip was voted out 4-0-0.10
Blood vs. Water 8 Galang Alliance S27 lauram t
Laura M.
S27 ciera t
Ciera
S27 aras t
Aras
Gervase Peterson, Monica Culpepper, and Tyson Apostol reneged on the alliance;
Caleb Bankston and Hayden Moss reneged on the plan (all voted against Aras).
Neither person had an idol.
Aras was voted out 7-2-2.11
Cagayan 9 Solana Alliance S28 spencer c
Spencer
S28 jeremiah c
Jeremiah
S28 lj c
LJ
Tony Vlachos and Woo Hwang reneged on the plan (both voted against LJ).
Spencer did not play his idol.
LJ was voted out 5-3-1.
12 Aparri Alliance S28 tony c
Tony
S28 trish c
Trish
S28 tasha c
Tasha
Kass McQuillen and Woo Hwang reneged on the plan (both voted against Tasha).
Tony did not play his idol.
Tasha was voted out 4-1-1.12
Worlds Apart 2 Nagarote Alliance S30 nina t
Nina
S30 vince t
Vince
S30 vince t
Vince
Will Sims II reneged on the plan (voted against Vince).
Neither person had an idol.
Vince was voted out 3-2-1.13
Cambodia 9 Bayon Alliance S31 kelley t
Kelley
S31 ciera t
Ciera
S31 kelly t
Kelly
Jeremy Collins, Spencer Bledsoe, and Stephen Fishbach reneged on the plan (all voted against Kelly).
Neither person had an idol.
Kelly was voted out 6-3-2.
10 Bayon Alliance S31 stephen t
Stephen
S31 kimmi t
Kimmi
S31 ciera t
Ciera
Jeremy Collins reneged on the plan (voted against Ciera).
Jeremy played one of his idols on Stephen.
Ciera was voted out 3-2-0.
Witches Coven
11 Bayon Alliance S31 joe t
Joe
S31 abimaria t
Abi-Maria
S31 stephen t
Stephen
Spencer Bledsoe reneged on the plan (voted against Stephen).
Neither person had an idol.
Stephen was voted out 4-3-2.14
Kaôh Rōng 3 Chan Loh S32 neal t
Neal
S32 aubry t
Aubry
S32 liz t
Liz
Debbie Wanner and Joe del Campo reneged on the alliance (both voted against Liz).
Neither person had an idol.
The vote tied 2-2-2.
Liz was voted out 3-0-0 in the revote.15
8 Gondol Alliance S32 debbie t
Debbie
S32 aubry t
Aubry
S32 nick t
Nick
Cydney Gillon, Julia Sokolowski, and Michele Fitzgerald reneged on the alliance (all voted against Nick).
Neither person had an idol.
Nick was voted out 6-2-1-1.

^9 The original intent of the split vote was for Tyson to vote against Russell to split the votes 3-3 between Russell and Parvati. However, Tyson voted for Parvati instead, ironically resulting in his own elimination.
^10 Eddie received four votes that did not count, while Malcolm received two votes that did not count.
^11 The original intent of the split vote was for Gervase and Tyson to vote against Laura M. and for Monica to vote against Ciera to split the votes between the two. However, Gervase, Tyson, and Monica sided with the Singles Alliance to vote against Aras instead.
^12 The original intent was to get Kass & Woo to renege from the Solana Alliance, then have Kass & Tasha vote against Trish and Spencer & Woo vote against Tony. Kass & Woo decided however to stay with the Solana Alliance, voting out Tasha instead.
^13 The primary target was Nina, with the tribe planning to split the vote between her and Vince 2-2; however, Will switched his vote to Vince, nullifying the purpose of the split vote (Vince using the idol wouldn't vote out Nina, but would vote out Jenn Brown instead).
^14 Stephen used his "vote steal" advantage to steal Joe's vote and cast an extra vote against Joe.
^15 The original intent was for Debbie and Joe to side with Peter and Liz, splitting the votes 2-2 between Neal and Aubry and voting out Neal in the revote. However, Debbie and Joe sided with Neal and Aubry instead, and they did split the votes between Liz and Peter.

Throwaway Votes

Another voting strategy related to the split vote is the throwaway vote. Even before the threat of Hidden Immunity Idols were put in the game, some castaways cast a throwaway vote (usually against their allies if they are in the minority) in order to divert votes against themselves to someone that could likely also get votes. It could also be used as a strategy on seasons with the Past Votes tiebreaker, in order to add votes to a particular castaway when the main target already had enough votes against them, that could be used for future Tribal Councils.

Some throwaway votes, however, are used to prevent the effect of Hidden Immunity Idols, and were usually done impromptu when they vote without a clear plan before it.

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